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Full text of "The manufacture and properties of iron and steel"

548
THE IRON INDUSTRY.
The ore is brought from the Minette district, and the mixture is self-fluxing, containing about 31 per cent, of iron, and the pig carries 2 per cent, of phosphorus, the practice being the same as in
TABLE XXIV-I.
Steel Works and Blast Furnaces in the Saar District, with the Number of Furnaces and Eated Capacity.
	Location.	Blast Furnaces.	Bessemer Converters.		Open Hearth Furnaces.	
			Acid.	Basic.	Acid.	Basic.
Steel works with blast furnaces —	Burbach ......	5-130 3   120		4—11		3—15
also at Esch, Luxemburg . . .						
RBchling'sche .............	Volklingen ___	5-130 %   180	........	4—15	........	........
also at Didenhofen Lothrin-						
	Neunkirchen . -.	6    60		4—12		1—12
also at Ueckingen Lothrin-		4    30				
Steel works with .furnaces elsewhere — IMllingen ..................	Dillingen ......			3-15	1—15	jl— 30 12—25 3-15 3-15
Furnaces at Bcdingen Loth-		2    00				
Steel works without furnaces-Weber .......................	Hosfcenbach.,. . .					
Eisenwerks Kramer .............	St. Ingbert. . .			3—12		
Blast furnaces without  steel works — Halbergehiitte ..............	Brebach ........	4—30				
						
Lothringen, save that the coke is inferior to the Westphalian fuel. There are 20 blast furnaces in the Saar, and in 1903 they smelted 736,000 tons of pig-iron, or a little over 80 tons per day per furnace, reckoning them as all in operation. There were no acid converters and only three acid open-hearth furnaces. There were four basic Bessemer works with 18 converters of an average capacity of 13 tons, and 16 basic open-hearth furnaces of an average capacity of 16 tons.
Table XXIV-I gives a list of the steel works and blast furnaces.
SEC. XXIVf.—Aachen (Aix la Gliapelle) :
The immediate neighborhood of Aachen possesses a bituminous coal field which in 1899 raised 1,764,000 tons of coal. This gives a fair coke and the output of'the ovens in the above year was 337,-O'OO tons. There is also a deposit of lignite from which nearly